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Designing a Training Manual

Training manuals are particularly useful in the following situations:

    * Trainees can use the manuals for reviewing the subject after training.
    * It lets the trainee concentrate on and partake in the training during the training session instead of taking detailed notes.
    * It can serve as a reference document in the work place.

Developing a training manual is an important part in designing a formal training program. A formal training manual ensures consistency in the presentation of the training program. Another major advantage is that all the training information on skills, processes, and other information necessary to perform the tasks is together in one place. Training manuals should support the training objectives.

Manuals should be developed according to one of two or three instructional design processes. One of the most useful – and common – of these is called the “ADDIE” manual.

    * “A” stands for Analysis of the audience, and of training needs;
    * “D” stands for Design of training, its objectives, sequencing of tasks, etc.
    * “D” represents Development of training/instructional materials, that are consistent with the design requirements.
    * “I” means Implementation of the training, and
    * “E” is evaluating the training.

Training manuals can be designed to be used as:

    *Work books – often used in training sessions. It provides basic information, examples and exercises.
    * Self-paced guides: designed for trainees to work through on their own.
    * Reference manuals: for containing detailed information on processes and procedures.
    * Handouts: provide general information to support training done during the session.
    * Job aids: provide step-by-step instructions to be used in the work place.
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